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空调系统中制冷机的选择与节能

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空调系统中制冷机的选择与节能

发布日期:2019-01-10 作者: 点击:

SUIZHEJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHANYURENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDEBUDUANTIGAO,NENGYUANDEGONGJIBIYOUDAFUDUZENGJIA。DANYOUYUWOGUOMUQIANDENENGYUANLIYONGLVJIAODI,ZAOCHENGNENGYUANDEJIDALANGFEI。WOGUOJUEXINZAI“SHIYIWU”QIJIANSHIDANWEIGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHINENGHAOJIANGDI2O%ZUOYOU,ZHEIXIANGDANGYUGONGJIEYUE2.4YIDUNBIAOZHUNMEI。JUYOUGUANFANGMIANGUSUAN,RUGUOJIANG2O%DEJIENENGJIANGHAOMUBIAOJUTIFENJIEDAOMEINIAN,“SHIYIWU”QIJIANZHONGGUODENIANJIENENGLVYAODADAO4.4%.ZHEITIXIANLEJIANSHEZIYUANJIEYUEXINGSHEHUIDEYAOQIU,SHIXIANSHIHEZHANGYUANLIYIDEXUYAO。


    KONGDIAOXITONGSHINENGHAODAHU。JIANZHUZHIJIEHAONENGZHANSHEHUIZONGHAONENGDE15%~2O%,CAINUANYUKONGDIAONENGHAOZHANJIANZHUZONGNENGHAODE3O%~5O%,RUGUOBUCAIYONGJIENENGCUOSHI,BIJIANGJIGONGDIANXITONGZAOCHENGHENDADEYALI,YEHUIDUIWOGUOJINGJIDEFAZHANCHANSHENGBULIDEYINGXIANG。ZHILENGYUKONGDIAOSHEBEIDEJIENENG,DUIYUWOGUOJINGJIYUSHEHUIFAZHANJUYOUJIQIZHONGYAODEYIYI。DUIYUKONGDIAOXITONGERYAN,CONGSHEJI、ANZHUANG、DIAOSHI、YUNXINGDAOGUANLIMEIGEHUANJIEDOUDUIXITONGDEJIENENGXINGYOUZHEZHONGYAODEYINGXIANG,QIZHONGZHILENGJIDEXUANZEDUIYUKONGDIAOXITONGDEHAONENGDAXIAOQIZHEJUEDINGXINGDEYINGXIANG。


    二、制冷机选择与节能


    2.1、CHANGYONGZHILENGYASUOJIZHONGLEI、TEDIANYUYINGYONG


    在工程实际中,常用的制冷压缩机有活塞式、离心式、螺杆式、涡旋式四种类型。在各类制冷压缩机的应用范围和冷量范围。活塞式制冷压缩机是使用历史最长的压缩机,我国的生产、制造的技术很成熟,运行管理经验也很丰富,造价较低廉,应用普遍,突出的缺点是热效率相对较低。其目前用于工程的单机制冷量在5.8~1745KW、之间。


球探体育    LUOGANSHIYASUOJIYUHUOSAISHIZHILENGYASUOJIXIANGBI,JUYOUYISUNJIANSHAO、TIJIXIAO、ZHONGLIANGQING、DANJIYASUOBIDA、DUISHIXINGCHENGBUMINGAN、ZHENDONGXIAO、REXIAOLVJIAOGAODENGXUDUOYOUDIAN,ERQIEZHILENGLIANGKEZAI1O%~100%DEFANWEINEIWUJIDIAOJIE。JIAOTUCHUDEQUEDIANSHIZAOYINJIAODA,HAOYOULIANGDA,JIAGEXIANGDUIJIAOANGGUI。QIZHILENGLIANGZHUYAOZAI150~1500KW、FANWEINEI。


球探体育    LIXINSHIYASUOJIYUHUOSAISHIYASUOJIXIANGBI,JUYOUZHUANSUGAO、ZHILENGLIANGDA、YISUNJIANSHAO、WEIHUJIANDAN、LIANXUGONGZUOSHIJIANZHANG、ZHENDONGXIAO、DUIJICHUYAOQIUDI、RUNHUAYOUHEZHILENGJIJIBENBUJIECHUDENGYOUDIAN,TONGCHANGKEZAI3O%~100%FANWEINEIWUJIDIAOJIE。QIZHUYAOQUEDIANSHIDANJIZHILENGLIANGBUYITAIXIAO,YIBANYONGYU350KW、YISHANGDECHANGHE,ZAI1500KW、YISHANGDEDALENGLIANGCHANGHEYOUZHEBUKEBINIDEYOUSHI。


球探体育    WOXUANSHIYASUOJISHUYUXINXINGDEYASUOJI,QIJIEGOUJIANDAN、DONGLIPINGHENGXINGNENGHAO、MEIYOUXIQIFAPIAN、YISUNJIANSHAO、RONGJIXIAOLVZUIGAO、ZHUANSUBIANHUAFANWEIHENDA,JIAGEXIANGDUIJIAOGAO,MUQIANZHUYAOYINGYONGZAI5~70KW、DEZHONGDENGLENGLIANGFANWEINEI。


    2.2、制冷机类型的选择与节能


球探体育    XUANZEZHILENGJISHIYINGCONGWENDUFANWEI、ZHILENGLIANG、YICIXINGTOUZI、YUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONG、ANQUANYUHUANBAODENGJIGEFANGMIANJINXINGKAOLV。


    BUTONGGONGKUANGDEYASUOJI,QIXINGNENGHEKEKAOXINGYOUHENDADECHABIE。ZAIXUANZEYASUOJISHIYAOGENJUGONGCHENGSHIJIDEWENDUXUYAOXUANQUHESHIDEYASUOJI。WOGUOXINDEYASUOJIMINGYIGONGKUANGBIAOZHUN(GB10871—89DENG)ZHONGJIANGJIUGUOBIAOZHONGGUIDINGDEGEZHONGXINGSHIYASUOJIDEMINGYIGONGKUANGYOUYUANLAIDEBIAOZHUNGONGKUANGHEDIWENGONGKUANGLIANGZHONGGAIWEIGAOWENGONGKUANG、ZHONGWENGONGKUANGHEDIWENGONGKUANGSANZHONG。LIRUCONGBIAO1、BIAO2SUOSHI。GESHENGCHANCHANGJIAZAIBIAOZHUZIJICHANPINSHIKENENGHUIYOUCHABIE。RUGUOXUANZEDEYASUOJIHEGONGCHENGSHIJIDEGONGKUANGTIAOJIANBUFUHE,ZESHIBIZAOCHENGZHILENGXITONGDESHIYONGJINGJIXINGXIAJIANG、NENGHAOZENGJIA、XIAOLVXIAJIANG,YASUOJIYUNZHUANDEKEKAOXINGJIANGDI,SHENZHIFASHENGWEIXIAN。SHEJIRENYUANZAIXUANZEYASUOJISHIYINGYANGEHEDUIXIANGGUANCANSHU,YANGEKONGZHIYASUOJIDESHIYONGGONGKUANGBUNENGCHAOCHUJIXIANTIAOJIAN。


    YOUYUGEZHONGLEIXINGYASUOJIXINGNENGTEDIANDECHAYI,ZHILENGJIZAISHIJIDEYINGYONGZHONGYOUZHEBUTONGDEYINGYONGFANWEI。DANGLENGLIANGDAYU580KW、SHI,XUANZELIXINSHIZHILENGJIBIXUANZEQITAZHILENGJIJUYOUXIANGDUIJIAODIDECHENGBENFEIYONGHEGENGGAODEKEKAOXING;ERDANGLENGLIANGZAI350KW~1500KW、SHI,LUOGANSHIYASUOJIBILIXINSHIYASUOJIJUYOUGENGHAODEBUFENFUHEDIAOJIEXINGNENG,BUFENFUHESHIQIXIAOLVBILIXINSHIYASUOJIGAO8%~1O%;LENGLIANGXIAOYU750KW、SHI,LUOGANSHIYASUOJIBIWANGFUSHIYASUOJIJUYOUGENGGAODEKEKAOXINGHEXIAOLV、YIYUWEIHUBAOYANG。CONGJIENENGJIAODUCHUFA,SHEJIRENYUANZAIXUANZEZHILENGJISHIYINGGENJUGEZHONGLEIXINGYASUOJIDEXINGNENGTEDIANHEYINGYONGFANWEI、GONGCHENGSHIJIDELENGLIANGFUHE、GONGCHENGSHIJIDUIBUFENFUHEDIAOJIEDEYAOQIUDENGXUANZEHESHIDEZHILENGJI。


球探体育    XUANZEZHILENGJISHIYINGGAIZHUYI,ZAILENGLIANGXIANGTONGQINGKUANGXIA,JIZHONGBUTONGQIYICIXINGTOUZIHUIYOUHENDACHABIE,YUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONGYEBUTONG。ZAIJIESHAOLEKONGDIAOYONGZHILENGJIBUTONGXUANXINGSHIDEXIANGDUIJIAGEHEYUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONGDEDUIBIZHI,RUBIAO3.ZAI2002NIANDUIKONGDIAOYONGBUTONGLEIXINGZHILENGJIYUNXINGFEIYONGJINXINGXIANGXIBIJIAO,RUBIAO4.ZHILENGJIDEYUNXINGSHIJIANYUEZHANG,GEZHONGLEIXINGZHILENGJIYUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONGDECHABIEYUEDA,YUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONGZAISHEJIXUANXINGZHONGDEDIWEIYUEZHONGYAO。RULUOGANSHIZHILENGJIANQUANKEKAO、WEIXIUZHOUQIZHANG,ZAIYUNXINGSHIBUXUYAOYUNXINGGUANLIRENYUANZHANGSHIJIANDECAOZUOGUANLI,QIXIANGDUIZENGJIADEYICIXINGTOUZIWANQUANKEYICONGYUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONGDENGFANGMIANDEDAOBUCHANG。GENJUZHILENGSHEJIGUIFAN“DANGYOUYALIBUDIYU30kPa(0.3kgf/c㎡)DEZHENGQIHUOWENDUBUDIYU8O℃DERESHUIDENGSHIYIDEREYUANKEZILIYONG,QIEZHILENGLIANGDAYUHUODENGYU350KW(30×104kcal/h),SUOXULENGSHUIWENDUBUDIYU5℃SHI,JIUCAIYONGXIUHUALIXISHOUSHIZHILENG。”XIUHUALIXISHOUSHILENGSHUIJIZUSHEZHIZAIMEIYOUDIPINWEIZHENGQIHUORESHUIDEHUANJINGJIMEIYOUDIPINWEIREYUANKEYILIYONGSHI,QIXINGNENGXISHUYIBANWEI1.5~1.7,ERLUOGANSHIZHILENGJIZUXINGNENGXISHUDA4.5~5.0,LIXINSHIZHILENGLENGJIZUXINGNENGXISHUDADAO5.0YISHANG,HUOSAISHIZHILENGJIZUDA4.0.MUQIANGONGYEDIANJIA0.95YUAN/(KW、•h),RANLIAOJIAGECHENGSHANGZHANGQUSHI,QINGCHAIYOUPINGJUN4YUAN/kg.ANDANGQIANDIANJIAHERANLIAOJIAGEJISUAN,XIUHUALIXISHOUSHILENGSHUIJIZUYUNXINGFEIYONGBIHUOSAISHI、LIXINSHI、LUOGANSHILENGSHUIJIZUDOUGAO。XUANXINGSHIYINGZONGHEKAOLVYICIXINGTOUZIHEYUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONG,TONGSHIYINGZHUYIDANGDIDIANJIA、RANLIAOJIAGEHEQITAYINSU。


    ZHILENGJIXUANXINGSHIHAIYINGZHUYIZHENDONG、ZAOSHENG、ANQUANYUHUANBAODENGWENTI。XIANZAIGUOJIAZHENGCEDUIYUHUANBAODEWENTIYUELAIYUEZHONGSHI,ZHILENGJIYUNXINGSHIDEZAOSHENGDENGHUANBAOXIANGMUBUYINGCHAOGUOXIANGYINGGUIDING,FOUZEHUISHOUDAOXIANGGUANDEJINGJIZHICAI。


    2.3、ZHILENGYASUOJITAISHU、RONGLIANGDEXUANZEYUJIENENG


球探体育    ZHILENGYASUOJITAISHUHERONGLIANGDEXUANZE,GUANXIDAOZHILENGXITONGDEYUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONGDEDAXIAO,ZHEIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIBUFENFUHENENGLIANGDIAOJIESHIDEFEIYONGHEZHILENGYASUOJIDESUNHAOSHANG。ZHILENGYASUOJIDETAISHUHERONGLIANGYINGJINLIANGSHAO,YIJIANHUAXITONGHEBIANYUGUANLICAOZUO;YINGBIANYUNENGLIANGDIAOJIE、DANJIFUZAILVJINLIANGGAOYILIJIENENG;YINGGENJUGONGCHENGSHIJIQUEDINGSHIFOUSHEZHIBEIYONGYASUOJI。


球探体育    YASUOJIDESHUQILIANGDIAOJIEZHONG,QITIDEYASUOGONGSUIZHESHUQILIANGDEJIANXIAOERJIANSHAO,LUOGANSHIYASUOJIJIHUSHICHENGZHENGBILIJIANSHAO,DANYASUOJIDEJIXIESUNHAOWEICHIBUBIAN。YINCI,TONGYANGRONGLIANGDEXITONG,CAIYONGDUOJIBINGLIANDAITIDANTAIYASUOJIZAIBUFENFUHESHIKEJIESHENGGONGLV,TEBIESHILENGLIANGJIAODADEXITONG。DUITONGYIXITONGZHONGCAIYONGDANJIHESIJIBINGLIANDEHAONENGJINXINGLEBIJIAO。SIJIBINGLIANXITONGZAIBUFENFUHE75%、5O%、25%SHIFENBIETINGKAIl、2、3TAIYASUOJI,QIYUYASUOQUANFUHEGONGZUO。CONGBIJIAOSHUJUKAN,FUHEYUEXIAO,XITONGDEJIENENGLVYUEGAO;DANGBUFENFUHEWEI25%SHI,SIJIBINGLIANXITONGBIDANJIXITONGJIENENG42%.CONGBIAO5ZHONGSHUJUKANCHU,ZAIBUFENFUHESHI,SIJIBINGLIANXITONGJIENENGSHIXIANGDANGKEGUANDE。


球探体育    LIXINSHIYASUOJIYOUYUJUYOU“CHUANZHEN”HE“DUSAI”GONGKUANGDIAN,QIGAOXIAOGONGZUOFANWEIZAI4O%~100%ZHIJIAN,ZAIXUANZEQUEDINGYASUOJIRONGLIANGHETAISHUSHIYINGJINKENENGXUANYONGDANJIZHILENGLIANGDADEZHILENGJIZU,JIANSHAOSUOYONGDETAISHU。

关键词:镇江制冷机_常州冷水机_常州冰水机-常州市达瑞特制冷科技有限公司

相关标签:镇江制冷机

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